This study has two objectives. First, to get an overview of job satisfaction and well-being of non-consulting doctors in Ireland. Second, assess the importance of certain elements of the psychological contract for non-consulting doctors in Ireland, identify the most common violations and violations, and examine the impact of psychological violations and injuries on job satisfaction and well-being reported by doctors. The ability to predict psychological impairment and injury, job satisfaction and well-being was determined using linear regression analysis, with injuries and injuries entered as independent variables and job satisfaction in the following steps, the flourishing scale and balance of impacts as dependent variables. Psychological contract violations resulted in statistically significant reductions in job satisfaction and well-being, as measured by both the flourishing scale and the balance of effects. The violations did not have a significant impact beyond the breach as a predictor. More resilient employees will recognize that the contract has been breached, but will use coping strategies that will allow them to work to maintain their own part of the contract while it goes through a repair phase. The list of psychological violations generated by the modified Delphi procedure in this study provides useful guidance for colleges and pharmacy schools to identify areas that need to be addressed to improve teacher recruitment, retention, and development. This list could potentially be adapted for use by faculty members in different fields of study. Future research should include larger sample sizes and quantitative validation. Robinson, S. L., and Rousseau, D.M. (1994).
Violation of the psychological contract: not the exception, but the norm. J. Organ. Behave. 15, 245–259. doi: 10.1002/job.4030150306 To avoid staff turnover, it is important to know how to deal with psychological breaches of contract when they occur and to create an environment that helps prevent psychological violations. Schmidt, G.B. (2016).
How adult attachment styles relate to perceived psychological violations of the contract and emotional organizational commitment. Employee managers. Rights J. 28, 1–24. doi: 10.1007/s10672-016-9278-9 Trybou, J., and Gemmel, P. (2016). The role of mediation of the psychological breach of the contract between the psychological termination of the contract and the organizational attitude of the nurses. Nurs. Ekon. 34, 296–302. Our results also show the importance of assessing PCBs in more detail and not only taking comprehensive measures (Jong et al., 2015), not only for methodological reasons, but also for practical reasons. In fact, we found differences in breaches of certain obligations.
Some content (e.B. long-term job security, workplace independence) has been shown to be important for mental and physical health; Some obligations were directly related to mental health and only indirectly to physical health (p.B. a pleasant social atmosphere, social appreciation), while others had no connection to employee health. In comparison, long-term job security PCBs had the greatest negative effect on mental and physical health, which is particularly notable since 92% of participants held permanent positions. Further analysis has shown that this effect is significant only for permanent employees, and not for non-permanent employees. This can be explained by the fact that even a contract of indefinite duration does not protect against the loss of jobs due to the restructuring or closure of the organization. This observation underlines the crucial role of the subjective evaluation of the employee-employer relationship: the written contract may indicate the sustainability of the job, but the psychological contract takes into account the general economic climate, the state of the industrial sector, the characteristics of the specific place, and even the (irrational) fears of the individual. As a result, PCBs were the most harmful to workers` health when contents that are not normally included in written employment contracts were not fulfilled, which was also the case for professional autonomy, social appreciation and a pleasant social atmosphere. This conclusion is consistent with the theoretical assumption that workers use psychological contracts to fill gaps in standard employment contracts in order to reduce individual uncertainty about the work environment and employment conditions (Rousseau, 1995; Shore & Tetrick, 1994). Therefore, future research on occupational medicine should intensify the study of this type of psychosocial stressor at work, especially in the context of the increasing heterogeneity of labour relations due to changes in the work context and between workers themselves (Gast, 2016). However, the obvious differences in the effects of PCBs of different ingredients clearly cast doubt on the predominant use of comprehensive PCB measurements, which is based on the assumption that all ingredients are of equal importance. The particularly harmful effects of PCBs on social aspects (e.B appreciation and atmosphere) illustrate the crucial role of the organisational climate and social support in the workplace.
If employee health is specifically threatened by content violations that are not contained in written agreements, the employer-employee relationship itself becomes more important. In order to understand which unmet expectations are particularly relevant to employee health, it is therefore important that future research evaluates PCBs in more detail than usual. With respect to the multidimensionality of individual health and the increasing complexity of employment relationships that have already been highlighted, it seems that empirical research should not be limited to associating PCBs with only one health outcome at a time. Rather, it is necessary to compare different health outcomes to capture the different aspects of work-related processes that affect the health of employees. Meta-analyses of studies comparing mental and physical health outcomes suggest that perceptions of injustice in labour relationships are more strongly associated with emotional distress and mental states than with physical health (Robbins et al., 2012). These results suggest that PCBs affect employee health primarily through psychological responses to stress, which are more closely related to mental health than physical health. Clinton and Guest (2010) conclude from their research that psychological contracts are much less able to explain variations in physical well-being than variations in psychological well-being. .